Traditional Knowledge and Area-based Management Measures in Marine and Coastal Ecosystems
Organisers: United Nations University - Institute of Advanced Studies Traditional Knowledge Initiative, International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF), The ICCA Consortium
The United Nations University - Institute of Advanced Studies Traditional Knowledge Initiative, in conjunction with relevant partners, convened a side event on "Traditional Knowledge and Area-based Management Measures in Marine and Coastal Ecosystems". The event was held on 15 October 2012 during the 11th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity in Hyderabad, India.
It is increasingly acknowledged that indigenous peoples and local communities have a vital role to play in governance and management of resources, including coastal and marine resources. Across the world, many indigenous peoples and local communities, through their customary and/or novel institutions, have been implementing area- based management measures to restore, rebuild and protect coastal and wetland ecosystems, drawing on their own traditional knowledge (TK) systems and socio-cultural and religious values. Are such issues appropriately taken into account by Parties and all others engaged in implementing the Programme of Work on Marine and Coastal Biodiversity and in meeting the Aichi Targets? What efforts have been made to integrate the traditional, scientific, technical and technological knowledge of indigenous peoples and local communities in marine protected area (MPA) practice and in the process of describing and identifying ecologically and biologically sensitive areas (EBSAs)?
This side event discussed the importance of integrating TK and social and cultural criteria while developing area-based conservation measures, drawing on experiences from Japan, India, Indonesia, Costa Rica and Senegal.
A summary of the workshop (below) was provided by the International Institute for Sustainable Development – Reporting Services:
Grazia Borrini-Feyerabend, ICCA Consortium, reported on the creation of the first community conserved area for coastal ecosystems in Senegal. She outlined the traditional governance institutions and management zoning, including no-take zones corresponding to sacred sites. On ways forward, she highlighted how best practices are being shared with neighboring communities.
Robert Panipilla, Researcher, India, discussed the contribution of traditional knowledge to scientific understanding of reefs and coastlines, including fish population dynamics, food chains, and the mapping of underwater areas in Kerala. He explained how trawlers had damaged reefs, and how indigenous fishers responded by creating artificial reefs.
Bona Beding, Lamalera community, Indonesia, spoke on the customary law that governs fish harvesting among his people. He also discussed linkages between customary fishing practices and the spiritual practices on land.
Jorge Andreve, Researcher, Foundation for the Promotion of Indigenous Knowledge, Panama, presented on traditional knowledge and practices of Kuna people. He noted that the area is being managed according to traditional knowledge and community laws and rules. He highlighted how western knowledge is being used in conjunction with traditional knowledge to preserve land, coastal and marine ecological biodiversity.
Ron Vave, University of South Pacific, Fiji, highlighted locally managed marine area networks (LMMAs) in the South Pacific, which empowers local communities to manage natural resources. He emphasized: building on local knowledge and culture; the importance of community trust and ownership; using existing local governance structures; partnership between indigenous and non indigenous communities; and local community empowerment for managing their projects.
Anne Mc Donald, Sophia University, Japan, presented on women “Ama” free divers in Japan. She highlighted a traditional approach to resources management use and conservation, existing within a western system, passed down through matriarchal lineage for over 1000 years. She highlighted the problems facing the divers due to changes in the marine environment attributed to climate change, to which traditional knowledge is struggling to adapt.
Date: 15 October 2012
Time: 6:15pm - 7:45pm
Location: Room 108, level 1, HICC-HITEX Complex
City/ Country: Hyderabad, India