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Home » Events » TKI Workshop: @ IUCN, Jeju 2012 (Korea)

Events

TKI Workshop: @ IUCN, Jeju 2012 (Korea)

Starts: 10/Sep/2012, 02:30 PM
Ends: 10/Sep/2012, 04:30 PM

Workshop on Sustainable Marine and Coastal Resource Management in the Asia-Pacific in the Context of International Conservation Targets

Organizers: United Nations University - Institute of Advanced Studies Traditional Knowledge Initiative, Birdlife International, Center for Regional Sustainability Initiatives (CRESI), Sophia University (Japan), Ministry of Environment (Japan), University of Victoria (Canada) and North Australia Indigenous Land and Sea Management Alliance (NAILSMA)


The United Nations University - Institute of Advanced Studies Traditional Knowledge Initiative, in conjunction with relevant partners, convened a workshop on "Sustainable Marine and Coastal Resource Management in the Asia-Pacific in the Context of International Conservation Targets". The event was held on 10 September 2012 during the IUCN World Conservation Congress 2012 in Jeju, Korea.

With increasing pressures on marine and coastal environments, there is an urgent need to share new and creative, as well as traditional and lesser known approaches to managing marine biodiversity and resources in a time of change. Communities in the Asia-Pacific region have long played a critical role in sustainable resource use and stewardship of the coastal and marine environment, and their knowledge and management approaches directly contribute to the IUCN 2012 Congress theme of “Nature+”. Based on case studies, this workshop will explore how bottom-up, community-based, and co-management approaches utilizing local and indigenous knowledge and other innovative/effective means can contribute to meeting international biodiversity targets (including Aichi Biodiversity Targets 6 and 11 on sustainable fisheries, Marine Protected Areas (MPA) and area-based conservation). The workshop explored how traditional and blended management systems have been scaled up and combined with MPA approaches, and how they can enhance the resilience of ecosystems and coastal communities, including their ability to adapt to change. In exploring these themes, the workshop focused on linkages between sustainable use and conservation, as well as cultural connectivity of area-based management across the Asia-Pacific.

The workshop was targeted at IUCN World Conservation Congress participants involved in various conservation and sustainable use issues around the world including representatives from international governmental organisations, non-governmental organisations, university researchers, resource managers, community-level workers and other conservation professionals. Expected outcomes include providing advice to the Convention on Biological Diversity about what "other area based management" measures (other than western-type MPAs) contribute to attaining 2020 conservation and fisheries targets, and how such measures, which are generally undertaken at the community level, can be scaled up. 

The agenda included:

1. Reaching global targets on MPAs, other area-based conservation, and fisheries
There has been a general failure to reach global targets related to MPAs, other area-based conservation and fisheries set by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD). This may be, at least in part, due to the top-down, science-driven and conservation-focused nature of the MPA efforts which have been a primary response to such targets, and which are not suitable for all areas and circumstances. This theme explores the diversity of ways in which conservation, sustainable use and management can be undertaken by communities and others in the Asia-Pacific, and will aim to provide feedback to the CBD about the important contribution such efforts can make to global targets. The discussions during this theme also looked at the various ways in which “effective area-based conservation” in the Target 11 of the Aichi Biodiversity Target could be achieved.

  • A brief introduction to the theme by moderator

Presentations:

  • Revival of traditional marine management in Vanuatu and how this fits in with global MPA targets (Francis Hickey, Vanuatu Cultural Centre)
  • Contribution of Japanese fishery management system to targets 6 and 11 of Aichi Biodiversity Targets (Mitsutaku Makino, National Research Institute of Fisheries Science)
  • Achieving the Aichi Targets through Integrated Coastal Management (Clarissa Arida, ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity)
  • Wild Bird Society of Japan presentation on Marine IBAs and fisheries (Yutaka Yamamoto, Wild Bird Society of Japan)
  • Community based marine protected areas (CBMPA) in the Philippines and a network of managers of these sites (Marivic Pajaro, Haribon Foundation, Philippines)

Discussion – what constitutes “effective area-based conservation” in the context of the Aichi targets, and how can community efforts towards this end be scaled up?

2. Cultural connectivity and diversity in area-based protection and management
There are commonalities between cultures and marine management and stewardship strategies across the Asia-Pacific, as well as a diversity of approaches. Many of these approaches do not necessarily fit IUCN categories, yet they are effective in producing social, economic and biodiversity benefits. Gaining a better understanding of such commonalities and cultural connections can foster a sense of affinity and identity, and could stimulate concerted efforts for marine management in the Asia-Pacific. This section developed the theme of cultural connectivity in the field of marine management by exploring the ways in which cultures and their management strategies are similar and the ways in which they differ.

  • Brief introduction to the theme by moderator

Presentations:

  • Satoumi and Ama divers in Japan and Korea (Anne McDonald, Sophia University)
  • Native Hawaiian ecosystem-based management (Trisha Kehaulani Watson, Hawaii)
  • Scaling up local efforts and building cultural and ecological connectivity – the example of the LMMA network (Alifereti Tawake, Fiji LMMA Network)

Discussion– what cultural connections exist across the Asia-Pacific and how can they lead to improved management of marine resources?

3. Importance of traditional knowledge in marine management
Traditional knowledge has survived the test of time and is adaptable to changing circumstances. The application of traditional knowledge in marine management can improve the resilience of both biodiversity and human communities. This theme looked at experiences in applying traditional knowledge either on its own or together with western science, including both success stories and conflicts that can result between conservation approaches, such as MPAs, and sustainable uses by communities.

  • A brief introduction to the theme by moderator

Presentations:

  • Clam chowder or clean beaches?: Conflicting perspectives on indigenous resource use and conservation values in Canada (Skye Augustine and Phil Dearden, University of Victoria, Canada)
  • The importance of Indigenous leadership and Traditional Knowledge in marine management (Rod Kennett, NAILSMA, Leah Talbot, Australian Conservation Foundation, and Phil Rist, Girringun Aboriginal Corporation)

Top left: Australian speakers Mr Phil Rist, Mr Rod Kennett and Ms Leah Talbot 

Bottom left: Ms Trisha Kehaulani Watson presenting on native Hawaiian marine management 

Top right: Mr Francis Hickey presenting on the importance of traditional marine management in Vanuatu 

Bottom right: Ms Skye Augustine, Stz'Uminus Nation, British Columbia, Canada presenting on clam gardens

Discussion (with participation by previous speakers and audience) – What conditions are needed to enable traditional knowledge-based marine management to succeed, and to provide for effective participation of indigenous peoples and local communities in management?

4. The way forward 
General discussion
 

For further information visit: http://portals.iucn.org/2012forum/?q=0758

Date: 10 September 2012

Time: 2:30pm - 4:30pm

Location: Room 401, (A&B), World Conservation Congress 2012

City/ Country: Jeju, Korea

   
 
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