TK & Marine Management
Human pressures on marine and coastal areas are increasing, resulting in a decline in biodiversity, natural resources and livelihoods of coastal communities. At the same time, top-down government-led management approaches have not, on their own, been sufficient in reversing the trend of biodiversity loss. There is consequently an urgent need to study and put in practice diverse and creative approaches to managing marine resources, such as community-based approaches rooted in traditional and local knowledge. The strength of such community-based approaches is in their sustainability, holistic and adaptive nature, and ability to enhance community resilience and self-sufficiency in a time of change. Enhancing and building upon traditional marine management strategies in the context of national and international policies is likely to provide benefits for both communities and biodiversity.
Current marine activities include: