Indigenous Peoples Global Strategy on REDD

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Home » Thematic Areas » TK & Climate Change » Indigenous Peoples Global Strategy on REDD

Indigenous Peoples Global Strategy on REDD

Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities' Global Strategy on REDD

Adopted at the Global Indigenous Peoples Consultation on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) on 14 November 2008

Overarching Principles

The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UN-DECRIPS) and
International Labour Organization Convention No. 169 (Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention) should guide a human-rights based approach to all activities on REDD and Indigenous peoples.

The Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) of Indigenous Peoples (IPs) must be ensured in REDD initiatives.

All actors will work through legitimate indigenous authorities, institutions and organizations,
ensuring that there is broad representation of indigenous peoples, including women and youth.

Indigenous peoples respect and support the rights of other forest-dependant communities.

Distinguish between reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation as a goal that interests all climate change stakeholders including IPs (redd) and the use of term REDD to signify possible future policies and instruments designed to achieve this goal.


    Indigenous Peoples

  1. Indigenous peoples and forest-dependent communities to engage all UN processes and bodies relevant to tackling climate change.
  2. Strengthen the existing Indigenous organizations and networks to address REDD issues, including through the establishment of Indigenous Peoples Working Groups on Climate Change at the national and regional levels.
  3. IPs and local communities to undertake case studies, field research and develop and disseminate information packages to influence the discussions on redd/REDD at the national, regional and international levels in collaboration with the United Nations University (UNU), research bodies and universities and relevant partners.
  4. Indigenous Peoples to establish an Indigenous Peoples Global Coordinating Body on Climate Change.
  5. Indigenous Peoples to establish funds for climate change actions that are under their direction, control and management.
  6. Develop a legal framework and consultation mechanisms for Indigenous Peoples based on Free Prior and Informed Consent, including consideration of customary laws, norms and practices.
  7. Each REDD pilot country be required to report on the legal situation of Indigenous territories, lands and resources and rights of forest-dependent communities.
  8. Enhance capacities of all actors and structures at the local, national, regional and international levels to act effectively and with responsibility on redd/REDD as a matter of urgency.
  9. Conduct training on good governance for government officials involved in REDD and establishment of mechanisms to check on corruption.
  10. Empower Indigenous peoples and forest-dependent communities by raising awareness on redd/REDD issues through learning activities (e.g. training community leaders, train-the-trainer initiatives) and other media (e.g. community and national radio) with the involvement of Indigenous experts recognized by the community.
  11. Improve the exchange of information and experiences, e.g. legal frameworks for implementation based on Free Prior and Informed Consent; underlying causes of deforestation; and evaluating compliance with government commitments concerning forests (including under CBD and the United Nations Forum on Forests).
  12. Promote subnational processes and mechanisms that decentralize redd/REDD, including planning, consultation, benefit sharing, etc.
  13. Government delegations to hold discussions with indigenous peoples and their organizations before relevant international meetings, including UNFCCC.
  14. Evaluate the legal situation of land tenure and recognition of indigenous territories before the implementation of redd/REDD initiatives.
  15. All REDD and climate mitigation activities should be subject to stringent and independent Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) and Social/Cultural Impact Assessments (SCIA) with the full and effective participation of Indigenous Peoples. The EIA and SCIA should be done prior to acceptance and implementation of development projects (e.g. dams, commercial lumbering etc) by private investors and other donors.
  16. Coordinate and share information with the UN agencies, specialized bodies and initiatives like CBD, UNFCCC, UNESCO, FAO, UNICEF, GEF, FCPF, UNDP, UN-REDD Programme, UNU Traditional Knowledge Centre, UNEP and others that are considered relevant for the purpose of implementing direct and articulated action on climate change and indigenous peoples.
  17. Recognizing the close links between traditional knowledge, biodiversity and climate change, ensure close cooperation and more synergy between the CBD and UNFCCC on traditional knowledge and climate change, and supports the establishment of a working group on local level adaptation with the full and effective participation of Indigenous peoples.
  18. The Joint Liaison Group of the CBD/UNFCCC/UNCCD to establish a Working Group/Expert body on Traditional Knowledge and Climate Change.
  19. UN-REDD Programme and other funders should develop compliance guidelines.
  20. UN-REDD Programme and other funders should have a grievance and recourse mechanism to ensure that Indigenous Peoples’ rights are observed at the national and international levels.
  21. Calls on the World Bank to have ongoing dialogue with indigenous peoples on issues of mutual interest, through a permanent mechanism.
  22. Request UN-REDD Programme and the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), in cooperation with the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII) and appropriate indigenous institutions and organizations, to incorporate training and awareness on UN-DECRIPS in their consultations and national round-tables on REDD.
  23. REDD Funds

  24. Tie funding to compliance and observance of Indigenous Peoples' rights and the Declaration.
  25. UN REDD and other donors should have specific funds and facilities that Indigenous Peoples and forest dependant communities can access directly.
  26. Specific funding should be set up for Indigenous Peoples and forest dependant communities, for start up and ongoing capacity building and climate actions.
  27. Civil Society Organizations (CSOs)

  28. CSOs should be proactive in lobbying for indigenous peoples rights at all levels, regarding redd/REDD.
  29. Establish an Independent Committee (including Indigenous peoples, NGOs, other stakeholders) to monitor all REDD activities at all levels.
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